Acute Medical Rehabilitation (Text Book)

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Editors: Henk J. Stam (chief editor), Muzaffer Buyruk, John L. Melvin, Gerold Stucki, Irene Burggraaf (managing editor)

Contents

Chapter / Page              

 1 Introduction to Acute Medical Rehabilitation / 13

 2 Spinal Cord Injury / 19

 3 Stroke / 49

 4 Acquired Brain Injury / 75

 5 Upper Limb Amputation / 93

 6 Lower Limb Amputation /107

 7 Blast Related Trauma / 131

 8 Burns /149

 9 Complex Regional Pain Syndrome, Type-I  / 173

10 Hip Fracture / 183

11 Brachial Plexus Lesions / 203

12 Myocardial Infarction / 217

13 Multitrauma  /  231

14 Cardiac Transplantation  /   251

15 Renal, Pulmonary and Hepatic Transplantation /  269

16 Trauma of Hand and Wrist  / 311

17 Low Back Pain  /   341

18 Heterotopic Ossification / 358

19 Contractures  /  371

20 Venous Thromboembolic Events /  377

21 Neurobehavioural Disorders / 411

22 Pressure Ulcers / 419

23 Critical Care Settings / 433

24 Bedside Cognitive Assessment /  447

25 Prehabilitation: exercise therapy before major surgery / 455

26 Guillain-Barré Syndrome; a patient’s perspective / 473

 

List of Authors

Cynthia D. Ang-Muňoz, MD, FPARM
Manilla Doctors Hospital
Philippines
Matthew N. Bartels, MD, MPH
John Alexander Downey Professor of Clinical Rehabilitation Medicine
New York Presbyterian Medical Center, Rehabilitation and Regenerative Medicine
New York, USA
Coen van Bennekom, PhD, MD
Rehabilitation Centre Heliomare, Acquired Brain Injury Department
Wijk aan Zee, The Netherlands
Bipin Bhakta, BSc, MD, FRCP
Charterhouse Professor of Rehabilitation/Consultant Physician in Rehabilitation Medicine/Specialty Lead in Rehabilitation Medicine
Academic Department of Rehabilitation Medicine
Leeds, United Kingdom
Peter R.G. Brink, PhD, MD
Professor of Surgery, especially in Traumatology
Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht, The Netherlands
Helena Burger, MD, PhD
Professor
University Rehabilitation Institute, Ljubljana, Republic of Slovenia
H.Muzaffer Buyruk, MD, PhD
Erasmus University Rotterdam, The Netherlands
VitalMed Bodrum Rehabilitation Services, Bodrum, Turkey
David X. Cifu, MD
National Director, PM&R Program Office
Department of Veterans Affairs
Chairman and Professor, Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, USA
Mahesh Cirasanambati, MRCS
Consultant in Rehabilitation Medicine
North Staffordshire Rehabilitation Centre, Stoke-on-Trent, United Kingdom
Karsten E. Dreinhöfer, MD
Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology,

Medical Park Berlin Humboldtmühle, Berlin, Germany

Jaap .J. Dronkers, MSc
Gelderse Vallei Hospital
Ede, The Netherlands
Wagih S. El Marsi(y), FRCS ED, FRCP
Professor, RJ & AH Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Foundation Trust
Oswestry, United Kingdom
 

 

Peter C. Esselman, MD, MPT
Professor and Chair
University of Washington, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine
Seattle, USA
Leah Farrel-Carnahan, PhD
Director, Traumatic Brain Injury Model System Research
Hunter Holmes McGuire Veterans Hospital: Richmond, Virginia, USA
Affiliate Faculty, Department of PM&R
Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, USA
Veronika Fialka-Moser, MD, PhD
Medical University of Vienna,

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Vienna, Austria

Manfred Frey, MD, PhD
Medical University of Vienna,

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Vienna, Austria

Jan H.B. Geertzen, MD, PhD
Professor, University Medical Center Groningen
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Groningen, The Netherlands
Alexander C.H. Geurts, MD, PhD
Professor, Rehabilitation
Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Martina Grim-Stieger, MD
Wilheminenspital, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Vienna, Austria
Bea Hemmen, MD, PhD
Maastricht University Medical Centre, Rehabilitation Medicine
Maastricht, The Netherlands
Malvina Herceg, MD
Medical University of Vienna, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Vienna, Austria
Mascha Hohenadel, MD
Department of Musculoskeletal Prevention, Rehabilitation and Health Services Research Center for Musculoskeletal Surgery at Charité Universitätsmedizin and Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany
Brian M. Kelly, D.O.
Associate Professor, Medical Director, Adult Rehabilitation Medicine
University of Michigan Health System, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Ann Arbor, USA
Helmut Kern, MD, PhD
Wilheminenspital, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Vienna, Austria
Friedbert Kohler, MBBS, FAFRM
Dept of Rehabilitation
Medicine, Braeside Hospital, Locked Bag 82, Wetherill Park, NSW, 2164
Australia
 

 

Michel H. Koops, MSc
Clinical Psychologist, Psychotherapist
Rijndam Rehabilitation Centre, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Naveen Kumar, M B B S, D’ORTH, DNB (ORTH), MRCS Ed & FEBPRM
Consultant in Spinal Injuries & Rehabilitation Medicine
RJ & AH Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Foundation Trust
Oswestry, United Kingdom
Annette A.A. van Kuijk, MD, PhD
Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre
Rehabilitation (898)
Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Gert Kwakkel, MD, PhD
Professor, VU University Medical Center
Rehabilitation Medicine
Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Barbara J. de Lateur, MD, MS
Lawrence Cardinal Shehan Professor and Director Emerita; Distinguished Service Professor, The Johns Hopkins University, Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation Baltimore, USA
Angela McNamara, MB, BCH, BAO, FRCPI, FRCP, FEBPRM, ABPMR
National Rehabilitation Hospital, Dublin, Ireland
Shane McNamee, MD
Chief (assistant professor), Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Service
Hunter Holmes McGuire Veterans Hospital: Richmond, Virginia
Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, USA
Jetty van Meeteren, MD, PhD
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine & Physical Therapy,

Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

Rory J. O’Connor, MD MEd FRCP FHEA
Senior Lecturer and Honorary Consultant Physician in Rehabilitation Medicine
Leeds Institute of Molecular Medicine, University of Leeds
Leeds, United Kingdom
Bryan O’Young, MD
Clinical Professor of Rehabilitation Medicine
Rusk Institute of Rehabilitation Medicine
Brooklyn, USA
Tatjana Paternostro-Sluga, MD, PhD
Medical University of Vienna, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Vienna, Austria
Roberto S.G.M. Perez, PhD, PT
Associate professor Pain, Pain Therapy and Palliative Care research
VU University Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
 

Susan Pieri-Davies, MCSP; MSc; PGCILTH

Consultant AHP / Lead Clinician Ventilatory Support
Southport and Formby District General Hospital Southport, United Kingdom
Rosemary Prosser, MSc, BAppSc(phty), CHT
Sydney Hand Therapy and Rehabilitation Centre Australia, Sydney, Australia
Gerard M. Ribbers, MD, PhD
Associate Professor, Rotterdam Neurorehabilitation Research
Rijndam Rehabilitation Centre & Erasmus MC
Rotterdam, The Netherlands
James Sanderlin, MDD
Senior Resident Physician, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia
Ton A.R. Schreuders, PT, PhD
Erasmus University Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Zeeuws Hand & Pols Centrum, Goes, The Netherlands
Wendy S. Shore, PhD
Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions
Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Baltimore, USA
Henk J. Stam, MD, PhD, FRCP
Professor of Rehabilitation Medicine
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine & Physical Therapy,

Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands

Karin Valkenet, MSc
University Medical Center Utrecht
Rehabilitation, Nursing Science and Sport
Utrecht, The Netherlands
Luc Vandenbossche, MD, PhD
Ghent University Hospital
Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Gent, Belgium
Guy Vanderstraeten, MD, PhD, FRCP
Dean of the Faculty and

Professor in Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine,

University Hospital, Gent, Belgium

Ghent University, Gent, Belgium
Anne J.M.A. Visser-Meily, MD, PhD
University Medical Centre Utrecht
Rehabilitation, Nursing Science & Sports
Utrecht, The Netherlands
Anthony B. Ward, BSc, MD, FRCPEd, FRCP
Professor of Rehabilitation Medicine
Consultant in Rehabilitation Medicine/Director
North Staffordshire Rehabilitation Centre, Stoke-on-Trent, United Kingdom
Mark A. Young, MD, MBA, FACP
The Maryland Rehabilitation Centre
The Johns Hopkins University
White Marsh, USA
 

 

Preface

Rehabilitation covers the consequences of a broad range of diseases, surgical interventions, trauma and congenital disorders.

Most textbooks focus on the subacute phase and chronic phase of rehabilitation. However, in the acute phase it is important to determine long-term prognosis of functional level and accordingly to plan the next phase in the rehabilitation process. The definition of acute rehabilitation is the process of rehabilitative treatment that occurs within the first days and weeks after injury or illness.

According to the UN convention (2006- Article 25 and 26) health structures should provide those health services needed by persons with disabilities specifically because of their disabilities, including early identification and intervention as appropriate, and services designed to minimise and prevent further disabilities, including among children and older persons. To that end, Contracting Parties should organise, strengthen and extend comprehensive rehabilitation and rehabilitation services and programmes, particularly in the areas of health, employment, education and social services, in such a way that these services and programmes begin at the earliest possible stage, and are based on the multidisciplinary assessment of individual needs and strengths.

Furthermore, in the acute phase many complications threaten the recovery of the patients and delay rehabilitation considerably. This book covers this acute phase and is written for physicians, but also for nurses and therapists involved in acute rehabilitation. The publication of this international textbook, dedicated to the first days and weeks of rehabilitation, is an important step in the development of our specialty of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine.

It will hopefully contribute to the cooperation between all professionals involved in the management of acute patients. Also this book will be of importance for teaching medical students and residents in PRM. As president of the European Academy of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, and as past president of the European Federation of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, I strongly recommend this book and I would like to congratulate the editors and authors on their impressive efforts.

Guy Vanderstraeten

© Buyruk-2000

 

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